Posts Tagged ‘uwsgi’

uwsgi version 1.2.3, Debian, and Pyramid

Saturday, February 23rd, 2013

First, we need to install uwsgi:

apt-get update
apt-get install uwsgi uwsgi-plugin-python

Then we need to create a .ini file that goes into /etc/uwsgi/apps-available:

uid = username
gid = username
workers = 4
buffer-size = 25000
chmod-socket = 666
single-interpreter = true
master = true
socket = /tmp/project.sock
plugin = python
pythonpath = /var/www/virtualenv/bin
paste = config:/var/www/virtualenv/project/production.ini
home = /var/www/virtualenv

Then create the symlink:

ln -s /etc/uwsgi/apps-available/project.ini /etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/project.ini

Then restart uwsgi:

/etc/init.d/uwsgi restart

If it doesn’t work, a few things might need to be checked. First, you need to make sure your virtualenv is using Python 2.7.

If you still need to debug, you can do

uwsgi --ini /etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/project.ini

which will give you some output at which point you should be able to determine the issue.

For Nginx, the config on your site should contain something like the following:

    location / {
        uwsgi_pass  unix:/tmp/project.sock;
        include     uwsgi_params;

and /etc/nginx/uwsgi_params should contain

uwsgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
uwsgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
uwsgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
uwsgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

uwsgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
uwsgi_param  PATH_INFO		$document_uri;
uwsgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
uwsgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;

uwsgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
uwsgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
uwsgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
uwsgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

uwsgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME	'';

Pylons and Facebook Application Layout

Sunday, May 30th, 2010

While I spent quite a bit of time deciphering the Graph API documentation and the OAuth guides that Facebook puts forth and submitted three documentation fixes for examples that call non-existent parameters and consequently don’t work, I came to the realization that my original layout really only works if you use a single Pylons instance per Facebook application. Since we’re focused on Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) Principles, some thought needs to go into things.

First, our platform needs to be designed. For this set of projects we’re going to use Nginx with uwsgi. Since we’re serving static content, we’re going to set up our directories on Nginx to allow that content to be served outside our Pylons virtual environment. Tony Landis was one of the first to provide an implementation guide for uwsgi with Nginx for Pylons which provided some of the information needed to get things working.

Our theoretical layout looks like the following:

  |--- /static
  |--- /fb
  |--- /fbappone
  |--- /fbapptwo

Later we’ll add a CDN that does origin pulls from /webroot/static. This application would have worked wonderfully with Varnish and ESI if the ESI could be compressed, but, setting up Nginx -> Varnish -> Nginx -> uwsgi seemed somewhat inefficient just to add compression. The Facebook application we’ve developed is an IFrame canvas which took roughly fifteen hours to debug after the original concept was decided. The majority of that time was spent dealing with the IFrame canvas issues. FBML was much easier to get working properly.

What we end up with is a url structure like:
     /static/ (xd_receiver.html, jquery support modules, CSS files)
     /fb/ (Generic facebook files, support, tos, help)

As a result of this structure, we don’t need to manipulate config/ as the default’s set by Pylons map things the way we want. In the /static/ directory, we can put our CSS, js and static media files. Remember to minify the CSS and js files and combine them if possible.

Our nginx config looks like:

server {
    access_log /var/log/nginx/;

    location ~* (css|js|png|jpe?g|gif|ico|swf|flv)$ {
        expires max;

    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length 500;
    gzip_types text/plain application/xml text/html text/javascript;
    gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.";

    location ^~ /static/ {
    	alias   /var/www/;
    location ^~ /fb/ {
    	alias   /var/www/;
    location / {
        uwsgi_pass  unix:/tmp/uwsgi.sock;
        include     uwsgi_params;

We could modify the nginx config to pull / from the static page, but, we’re actually capturing that with a root controller that knows what applications reside below it as a directory of sorts.

We used Debian which doesn’t support uwsgi yet. A brief set of instructions follows which should work on any Debian based distribution as well:

apt-get install libxml2-dev dpkg-dev debhelper
cd /usr/src
apt-get source nginx
tar xzf uwsgi-
cd nginx
vi debian/rules
  add:  --add-module=/usr/src/uwsgi- \
dpkg -i ../nginx_0.7.65-5_i386.deb
mkdir /usr/local/nginx/
cp /usr/src/uwsgi- /etc/nginx

/etc/nginx/uwsgi_params, add:

uwsgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        /;

Note: I had problems with and paster enabled wsgi applications which caused issues with Pylons.

Our uwsgi command line for development:

/usr/src/uwsgi- -s /tmp/uwsgi.sock -C -iH /var/www/facebook/ --paste config:/var/www/facebook/fpapp/development.ini

One of the things that made Facebook integration difficult was somewhat incomplete documentation or even incorrect documentation on Facebook’s site. While the Graph API is new, it is quite a bit more powerful. While they do have official support, I think I’ll use velruse for OAuth integration next time and use the Python-SDK for the Graph API integration. See my previous post on using Pylons for a Facebook Application for a little more detailed information on how to get the application working.

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